Initiators of one of the first museums of modern art in the world, the Muzeum Sztuki in Lodz, opened in 1931, Katarzyna Kobro (1898–1951) and Wladyslaw Strzeminski (1893–1952) were major figures in Poland’s constructivist avant-garde. Radical in their artistic positions, they gave expression to their ideas not only in their works but in teaching, publication and organisation. Partners too in private life, they worked closely together, each developing the language of modernism, in sculpture for Kobro, in painting for Strzeminski.

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